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Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998)
Univ Calif Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.
Univ Calif Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.
Univ Bern, Switzerland.
Eotvos Lorand Univ, Hungary.
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2018 (English)In: Perspectives on Psychological Science, ISSN 1745-6916, E-ISSN 1745-6924, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 268-294Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence (professor) subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence (soccer hooligans). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%-3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9.3% and 7.6%), but women did not (0.3% and -0.3%). The procedure used in those replications served as the basis for this multilab Registered Replication Report. A total of 40 laboratories collected data for this project, and 23 of these laboratories met all inclusion criteria. Here we report the meta-analytic results for those 23 direct replications (total N = 4,493), which tested whether performance on a 30-item general-knowledge trivia task differed between these two priming conditions (results of supplementary analyses of the data from all 40 labs, N = 6,454, are also reported). We observed no overall difference in trivia performance between participants primed with the professor category and those primed with the hooligan category (0.14%) and no moderation by gender.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD , 2018. Vol. 13, no 2, p. 268-294
Keywords [en]
priming; replication; intelligence
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147817DOI: 10.1177/1745691618755704ISI: 000429909000026PubMedID: 29463182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147817DiVA, id: diva2:1205622
Note

Funding Agencies|Association for Psychological Science; Arnold Foundation

Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2019-02-27

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Koppel, LinaTinghög, GustavVästfjäll, Daniel

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