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Comparison of usage-based congestion pricing schemes
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (Trafiksystem)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1367-6793
2018 (English)In: Proceedings Transportation Research Board 97th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates how usage-based pricing can be applied in order to improve the efficiency of the transportation system. Distance-based, travel time-based and delayed-based pricing schemes are investigated, both from a one-link and network perspective. A static modeling framework is adopted, based on user-equilibrium, and a simplified emission model based on the HBEFA emission model is used. Optimal usage-based fees are calculated using a surrogate-based optimization framework, and determination of zone layout is done using k-means clustering. The results for a Stockholm region network show that already with network wide pricing a large proportion of the maximum improvement of social surplus achievable with first-best pricing, can be reached. Delay-based pricing, in which the users are charged based on the excess travel time in comparison to free flow travel times, achieves 99% of the maximum improvement, already with one single fee across the whole network. With clustering of links based on their first-best optimal fees, the benefits of both distance and travel time-based fees can significantly be improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington D.C., 2018.
Series
TRB Annual Meeting Online
National Category
Engineering and Technology Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147982OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147982DiVA, id: diva2:1208947
Conference
Transportation Research Board 97th Annual Meeting, January 7-11, 2018 in Washington, D.C, USA
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 38921-1Available from: 2018-05-21 Created: 2018-05-21 Last updated: 2018-06-13

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Ekström, Joakim

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf