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General Observation of Photocatalytic Oxygen Reduction to Hydrogen Peroxide by Organic Semiconductor Thin Films and Colloidal Crystals
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Germany; Energie Campus Nurnberg EnCN, Germany.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Politecn Bari, Italy.
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2018 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 10, no 16, p. 13253-13257Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Low-cost semiconductor photocatalysts offer unique possibilities for industrial chemical transformations and energy conversion applications. We report that a range of organic semiconductors are capable of efficient photocatalytic oxygen reduction to H2O2 in aqueous conditions. These semiconductors, in the form of thin films, support a 2-electron/2-proton redox cycle involving photoreduction of dissolved O-2 to H2O2, with the concurrent photooxidation of organic substrates: formate, oxalate, and phenol. Photochemical oxygen reduction is observed in a pH range from 2 to 12. In cases where valence band energy of the semiconductor is energetically high, autoxidation competes with oxidation of the donors, and thus turnover numbers are low. Materials with deeper valence band energies afford higher stability and also oxidation of H2O to O-2. We found increased H2O2 evolution rate for surfactant-stabilized nanoparticles versus planar thin films. These results evidence that photochemical O-2 reduction may be a widespread feature of organic semiconductors, and open potential avenues for organic semiconductors for catalytic applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2018. Vol. 10, no 16, p. 13253-13257
Keywords [en]
photochemistry; photocatalysis; hydrogen peroxide; organic semiconductors; oxygen reduction reaction; photoanodes
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147927DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b01295ISI: 000431150900001PubMedID: 29624365OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147927DiVA, id: diva2:1209551
Note

Funding Agencies|Wallenberg Center for Molecular Medicine at Linkoping University; "Aufbruch Bayern" initiative of the state of Bavaria

Available from: 2018-05-23 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2018-10-05

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