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On the distribution and inventories of radionuclides in dated sediments around the Swedish coast
Swedish Radiat Safety Author, Sweden; Univ Gdansk, Poland.
Swedish Radiat Safety Author, Sweden.
Swedish Radiat Safety Author, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Radiological Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Swedish Radiat Safety Author, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, ISSN 0265-931X, E-ISSN 1879-1700, Vol. 186, p. 142-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The activity concentrations and distribution of Cs-137, 238pu (239)I(-240)pu, Am-241,and Pb-210 was determined by the analysis of six sediment cores from the Baltic Sea and Kattegat. The chronology of the sediment cores has been used to evaluate the origin and time trend of the radionuclide sources in these sediments. The sediment cores were dated with a Pb-210 model and the results were validated with fallout peaks, assumed to originate from the global nuclear weapons testing and the Chernobyl accident. Source identification, using the isotopic and radionuclide activity ratios, showed that the Chernobyl accident is the main source of Cs-137 in the Baltic Sea; for Pu239+24 and Am-241 the dominant source was shown to be fallout from nuclear weapons tests. For (PU)-P-238 and 2(41)Am the Chernobyl accident had a significant impact on the direct fallout into the Baltic Proper, with up to a 65% contribution in the sediment slices dated to 1986. In these sediment slices the maximum activity ratios of (238)pu/(239+240)pu and (241)Am(/2394-240)pu were 0.314 +/- 0.008 and 1.29 +/- 0.06, respectively. The ratios clearly deviate from the corresponding ratios for global nuclear weapons fallout (around 0.028 and 0.54, respectively). Calculated inventories were 63 (175)Bq-m(-2) for 239+240PII, 2.8-7.8 for Pu-238 Bq-m(-2) and 0.92-44.4 kBq-m(-2) for Cs-137. Different fallout patterns for Cs-137 and plutonium isotopes from the Chernobyl accident were confirmed through depth profiles analyses. The maximum inventory of 137Cs was observed in the Bothnian Sea, while Chernobyl derived plutonium was found to be mostly present in Northern Baltic Proper. The radionuclides distribution in the depth profiles shows how contaminated water affects the sediment as it passes sampling stations according to the current circulation pattern in the Baltic Sea. Additionally, the effect of increased activity concentrations from of river discharges in the most contaminated area in the Bothnian Sea was observed. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2018. Vol. 186, p. 142-151
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147903DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.09.025ISI: 000430518800016PubMedID: 28987813OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147903DiVA, id: diva2:1209628
Conference
2nd International Conference on Radioecological Concentration Processes (50 Years Later)
Available from: 2018-05-23 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2018-05-23

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