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Children with a very low birthweight showed poorer reading skills at eight years of age but caught up in most areas by the age of 10
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
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2018 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 107, no 11, p. 1937-1945Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: We evaluated the development of reading skills in very low birthweight (VLBW) children and controls at 8-10 years of age.

METHODS: This study was part of a longitudinal study of VLBW infants born between January 1998 and December 1999 in Sweden. We recruited 49 VLBW children and 44 sex and age-matched full-term controls when they started school at the age of seven and tested them using identical methods for decoding, rapid naming ability, reading comprehension, and spelling and cognitive skills at about eight and 10 years of age. Univariate analysis of variance was performed to assess the effects of VLBW on reading performance at each age and to evaluate the differences between the groups and ages.

RESULTS: Very low birthweight children scored significantly lower in all domains of reading at 7.8 ± 0.3 years, but the performance gap had narrowed by 9.8 ± 0.3 years. Significant catch-up gains were found in phonological awareness, rapid naming ability and reading comprehension. The differences between the groups were minor at 10 years, when controlled for non-verbal cognition.

CONCLUSION: Very low birthweight children demonstrated worse reading performance at eight years of age than term-born controls. The gap in reading skills between the groups had largely narrowed two years later.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2018. Vol. 107, no 11, p. 1937-1945
Keywords [en]
Cognition, development, reading skills, schoolchildren, very low birthweight
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148121DOI: 10.1111/apa.14377ISI: 000446822800017PubMedID: 29706015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85047526972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-148121DiVA, id: diva2:1211207
Note

Funding agencies: Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Futurum - The Academy of Health Care; Jonkoping County Council; Ostergotland County Council; Linkoping University

Available from: 2018-05-30 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2018-10-30Bibliographically approved

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Samuelsson, Stefan

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