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KCNE1 tunes the sensitivity a: K(v)7.1 to polyunsaturated fatty acids by moving turret residues close to the binding site
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Divison of Neurobiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3852-1015
Univ Miami, FL USA.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Divison of Neurobiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8493-0114
2018 (English)In: eLIFE, E-ISSN 2050-084X, Vol. 7, article id e37257Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The voltage-gated potassium channel K(v)7.1 and the auxiliary subunit KCNE1 together form the cardiac I-Ks channel, which is a proposed target for future anti-arrhythmic drugs. We previously showed that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) activate K(v)7.1 via an electrostatic mechanism. The activating effect was abolished when K(v)7.1 was co-expressed with KCNE1, as KCNE1 renders PUFAs ineffective by promoting PUFA protonation. PUFA protonation reduces the potential of PUFAs as anti-arrhythmic compounds. It is unknown how KCNE1 promotes PUFA protonation. Here, we found that neutralization of negatively charged residues in the S5-P-helix loop of K(v)7.1 restored PUFA effects on K(v)7.1 co-expressed with KCNE1 in Xenopus oocytes. We propose that KCNE1 moves the S5-P-helix loop of K(v)7.1 towards the PUFA-binding site, which indirectly causes PUFA protonation, thereby reducing the effect of PUFAs on K(v)7.1. This mechanistic understanding of how KCNE1 alters K(v)7.1 pharmacology is essential for development of drugs targeting the I-Ks channel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELIFE SCIENCES PUBLICATIONS LTD , 2018. Vol. 7, article id e37257
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150264DOI: 10.7554/eLife.37257ISI: 000440896000001PubMedID: 30014849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-150264DiVA, id: diva2:1239752
Note

Funding Agencies|National Institutes of Health [R01GM109762, R01HL131461]; Svenska Sallskapet for Medicinsk Forskning; Vetenskapsradet; Linkoping University; County Council of Ostergotland; Lion Foundation

Available from: 2018-08-17 Created: 2018-08-17 Last updated: 2018-09-17

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