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Learning a critical gaze: producing gendered bodies in skin and spa therapy education and training
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 1363-6820, E-ISSN 1747-5090, Vol. 70, no 2, p. 232-250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AbstractThis study scrutinises the production of bodies in skin and spa therapy education and training. More specifically, it focuses on how bodies are produced when participants are positioned and position themselves in classroom interaction and interviews. Drawing on a post-structural approach, inspired by Butler, regularities of description and self-description were analysed. This approach provided analytical tools for analysing how people engage with discourse in this micro-context of education and training, and enabled an understanding of how these processes are gendered. The results show how these educational arrangements enact a process where the students learn to adapt a critical gaze towards bodies, wherein they position themselves as self-aware and responsible through femininity. These self-governing processes produce particular relations to the bodies of others, disciplining others through disciplining oneself. Bodies are produced as biological entities that are unruly and ? if left without discipline and correction ? imperfect. At the same time, the imperfect body is produced through and produces normativity, offering alternative ways of producing normative femininity, alongside naturalising skin and spa therapy consumption and activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2018. Vol. 70, no 2, p. 232-250
Keywords [en]
Body and society, gender, beauty industry, learning, post-structuralist feminist theory
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150954DOI: 10.1080/13636820.2017.1394354OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-150954DiVA, id: diva2:1245796
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-06
In thesis
1. Shaped for beauty: Vocational and gendered subjectivities in private education for the beauty industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaped for beauty: Vocational and gendered subjectivities in private education for the beauty industry
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Skapad för skönhet : Yrkesmässiga och könade subjektiviteter i privat utbildning för skönhetsbranschen
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to answer the question: How are vocational, gendered subjectivities produced in vocational education for the beauty industry? Drawing on Foucault and poststructural feminist theory, this question is answered in four papers, in which the material consists of beauty-school recruitment and marketing material, interviews with skin and spa therapy students and observations of practical skin and spa therapy training. These are educational arrangements that are closely bound to the economic sector of the beauty industry, and they have remained remarkably unexplored. Various aspects of subjectivity production are explored throughout these papers: Paper I shows how the potential beauty student is shaped through processes of responsibilising and individualising in recruitment; Paper II shows how a scientific and caring professional emerges; Paper III shows how students learn to adopt a critical gaze towards bodies; and Paper IV shows how students are produced as emotional workers and learners, taking Hochschild’s term “emotional labour” as a point of departure. The results show how (medical) scientific knowledge becomes a resource in the production of the skin and spa therapy professional, mobilising gender relations of power, and neglecting other types of skills and knowledge. However, relational and caring aspects of work and learning emerge in the study through the way in which wider discourses of femininity inform the ways in which students are produced as professionals.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med avhandlingen var att svara på frågan: Hur produceras yrkesmässiga och könade subjekt i skönhetsbranschens yrkesutbildningar? Foucault och poststrukturalistisk feministisk teori användes för att svara på denna fråga i fyra artiklar där materialet bestod av rekryterings- och marknadsföringsmaterial gällande skönhetsutbildningar, intervjuer med hud- och spaterapeutstudenter samt observationer av praktiska lektioner i hud- och spaterapeututbildning. Dessa utbildningsarrangemang är nära sammanbundna med branschens ekonomiska sektor, men är outforskade till hög grad. Olika aspekter av subjektivitetsskapande undersöks i artiklarna: Den första artikeln visar hur den potentiella skönhetsstudenten skapas genom ansvariggörande och individualiserande processer i rekrytering; Den andra artikeln visar hur en vetenskaplig och omvårdnande professionell framträder; Den tredje artikeln visar hur hud- och spaterapeutstudenter lär sig lägga an en kritisk blick på kroppar; Den fjärde artikeln visar hur hud- och spaterapeutstudenter produceras som emotionella arbetare och lärande med utgångspunkt i Hochschilds begrepp ”emotional labour”. Resultaten i artiklarna visar hur (medicinsk) vetenskaplig kunskap blir en resurs när den professionella hud- och spaterapeuten produceras, vilket mobiliserar makt- och genusrelationer och osynliggör samtidigt andra typer av kunskaper. Relationella och omvårdnande aspekter av detta arbete och lärande framträder emellertid genom de sätt som bredare femininitetsdiskurser tas upp och mobiliseras när studenterna produceras som professionella.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 83
Series
Linköping Studies in Behavioural Science, ISSN 1654-2029 ; 209
Keywords
Vocational Education and Training (VET), subjectivity, adult learning, power, gender, beauty industry, processes of becoming, caring knowledge, Yrkesutbildning, subjektivitet, vuxnas lärande, makt, genus, skönhetsindustrin, blivandeprocesser, omvårdnadskunskap
National Category
Gender Studies Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150953 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-150953 (DOI)9789176852484 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-09-14, I:101, I-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved

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Linder Eknor, Eleonor

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