liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The repeatability of cognitive performance: a meta-analysis
CNRS, France; Inst Adv Study Toulouse, France.
Univ Exeter, England; Hokkaido Univ, Japan.
Univ Exeter, England.
Univ Ottawa, Canada.
Show others and affiliations
2018 (English)In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8436, E-ISSN 1471-2970, Vol. 373, no 1756, article id 20170281Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Behavioural and cognitive processes play important roles in mediating an individuals interactions with its environment. Yet, while there is a vast literature on repeatable individual differences in behaviour, relatively little is known about the repeatability of cognitive performance. To further our understanding of the evolution of cognition, we gathered 44 studies on individual performance of 25 species across six animal classes and used meta-analysis to assess whether cognitive performance is repeatable. We compared repeatability (R) in performance (1) on the same task presented at different times (temporal repeatability), and (2) on different tasks that measured the same putative cognitive ability (contextual repeatability). We also addressed whether R estimates were influenced by seven extrinsic factors (moderators): type of cognitive performance measurement, type of cognitive task, delay between tests, origin of the subjects, experimental context, taxonomic class and publication status. We found support for both temporal and contextual repeatability of cognitive performance, with mean R estimates ranging between 0.15 and 0.28. Repeatability estimates were mostly influenced by the type of cognitive performance measures and publication status. Our findings highlight the widespread occurrence of consistent inter-individual variation in cognition across a range of taxa which, like behaviour, may be associated with fitness outcomes. This article is part of the theme issue Causes and consequences of individual differences in cognitive abilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC , 2018. Vol. 373, no 1756, article id 20170281
Keywords [en]
cognitive repeatability; evolutionary biology of cognition; individual differences; learning; memory; attention
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150842DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2017.0281ISI: 000441443800002PubMedID: 30104426OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-150842DiVA, id: diva2:1245925
Note

Funding Agencies|Japan Society for the Promotion of Science [PE1801]; ERC consolidator grant [616474]; Human Frontier Science Program [RGP0006/2015]; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant [435596-2013]

Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-06

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lovlie, HanneSorato, Enrico
By organisation
BiologyFaculty of Science & Engineering
In the same journal
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences
Evolutionary Biology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 54 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf