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Neuroanatomical basis of concern-based altruism in virtual environment
Scuola Int Super Studi Avanzati, Italy; Harvard Univ, MA 02138 USA.
Univ Bologna, Italy.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Univ Udine, Italy.
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2018 (English)In: Neuropsychologia, ISSN 0028-3932, E-ISSN 1873-3514, Vol. 116, p. 34-43Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Costly altruism entails helping others at a cost to the self and prior work shows that empathic concern (EC) for the well-being of distressed and vulnerable individuals is one of the primary motivators of such behavior. However, extant work has investigated costly altruism with paradigms that did not feature self-relevant and severe costs for the altruist and have solely focused on neurofunctional, and not neuroanatomical, correlates. In the current study, we used a contextually-rich virtual reality environment to study costly altruism and found that individuals who risked their own lives in the virtual world to try to save someone in danger had enlarged right anterior insula and exhibited greater empathic concern than those who did not. These findings add to the growing literature showing the role of caring motivation in promoting altruism and prosociality and its neural correlates in the right anterior insula.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2018. Vol. 116, p. 34-43
Keywords [en]
Empathy; Altruism; Prosocial; Morphometry; Empathic concern; Moral
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151519DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.04.015ISI: 000443791400005PubMedID: 28412510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-151519DiVA, id: diva2:1250601
Note

Funding Agencies|Vienna Science and Technology Fund (WWTF) [CS15-003]

Available from: 2018-09-24 Created: 2018-09-24 Last updated: 2018-09-24

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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