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Antenna Count for Massive MIMO: 1.9 GHz vs. 60 GHz
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Communication Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7599-4367
NYU, NY 10003 USA.
Queens Univ Belfast, North Ireland.
Nokia Bell Labs, NJ USA.
2018 (English)In: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 56, no 9, p. 132-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

If we assume line-of-sight propagation and perfect channel state information at the base station - consistent with slow moving terminals - then a direct performance comparison between Massive MIMO at PCS and mmWave frequency bands is straightforward and highly illuminating. Line-of-sight propagation is considered favorable for mmWave because of minimal attenuation and its facilitation of hybrid beamforming to reduce the required number of active transceivers. We quantify the number of mmWave (60 GHz) service antennas that are needed to duplicate the performance of a specified number of PCS (1.9 GHz) service antennas. As a baseline we consider a modest PCS deployment of 128 antennas serving 18 terminals. At one extreme, we find that, to achieve the same per-terminal maxmin 95 percent-likely downlink throughput in a single-cell system, 20,000 mmWave antennas are needed. To match the total antenna area of the PCS array would require 128,000 half-wavelength mmWave antennas, but a much reduced number is adequate because the large number of antennas also confers greater channel orthogonality. At the other extreme, in a highly interference-limited multi-cell environment, only 215 mmWave antennas are needed; in this case, increasing the transmitted power yields little improvement in service quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC , 2018. Vol. 56, no 9, p. 132-137
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151790DOI: 10.1109/MCOM.2018.1700526ISI: 000444843900025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-151790DiVA, id: diva2:1253328
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council (VR); ELLIIT

Available from: 2018-10-04 Created: 2018-10-04 Last updated: 2018-10-26

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CiteExportLink to record
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