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Delaktighet i aktivitet bland personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning i samband med och efter pension från daglig verksamhet
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational Participation Among People with Intellectual Disability in Conjunction with and After Retirement from Daily Activity Centre (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund​: Daglig verksamhet är en LSS-insats för personer i yrkesverksam ålder. Pensionen orsakar ofta minskad delaktighet i aktivitet och få studier relaterar till hur personen bör involveras i sitt pensionsbeslut. Syfte​: Att beskriva hur personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning uppfattar sin delaktighet i aktivitet i samband med och efter pension från daglig verksamhet. Metod​: Studien är empirisk med kvalitativ metod som av kombinerat kriterie- och snöbollsurval resulterade i elva intervjuer. Intervjuguiden är teoretiskt förankrad i Model of Human Occupation. Transkriberad data analyserades med systematisk textkondensering. Resultat​: Första temat redovisar positiv och negativ uppfattning av delaktighet vid pension, gemensamt var diffus uppfattning till varför pensionen inföll. Nästkommande tema inbegriper delaktighet i bostaden som förknippades med att självständigt fatta beslut. Tredje temat lyfter att meningsfulla aktiviteter som följt med i pensionsövergången uppfattades främja delaktighet. Avslutande tema utmärker delaktighet i sociala sammanhang som betydelsefullt för välbefinnande och främjar uppfattningen av tillhörighet. Diskussion​: En optimal pensionsövergång bör innefatta individanpassade förberedelser. Beslutsfattandets betydelse kan relateras till erfarenheter från anstaltsvård. Lättillgängliga aktiviteter som samhället erbjöd tillhandahöll omväxling i personens fysiska och sociala miljö. Konklusion​: Förberedelse, successiv övergång, möjligheter att fatta beslut, urval och socialt nätverk var av betydelse för positiv uppfattning av delaktighet i aktivitet efter pension.

Abstract [en]

Background​: Daily activity centre is an LSS initiative for people of working age. Retirement can often cause reduced participation in activity and few studies relate to how the person should be involved in his own retirement decision. Purpose​: To describe how people with intellectual disabilities perceive occupational participation after and in conjunction with retirement from a daily activity centre. Method​: An empirical study using a qualitative method, with a combined criteria and snowball sampling method resulted in eleven interviews. The interview guide had its theoretical foundation in the Model of Human Occupation. Transcribed data was analysed by systematic text condensation. Result​: The first theme presents positive and negative perceptions of participation in retirement. In general, there was a diffuse perception of why the retirement occurred. The next theme includes participation in the residence that was associated with making independent decisions. The third theme emphasizes that occupational participation was promoted by performing activities that were meaningful before retirement. The final theme distinguishes participation in social contexts as important for well-being and the perception of belonging. Discussion​: In order for the participants to achieve an optimal retirement transition, individualized preparations are required. The importance of decision-making can be related to experience from institutional care. The society provided accessible activities which offered variety in the physical and social environment. Conclusion​: Preparation, successive transition, opportunities to engage in decision-making and join a social network were important to perceptions of occupational participation after retirement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 39
Keywords [sv]
arbetsterapi, utvecklingsstörning, äldre, åldrande, beslut
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-152552DiVA, id: diva2:1261267
Subject / course
Degree Project in Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-11-07 Created: 2018-11-06 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved

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Output format
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