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Effect of temperature and configurational disorder on the electronic band gap of boron carbide from first principles
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6059-6833
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Inst Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
2018 (English)In: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 2, no 10, article id 104603Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The overestimation, rather than the usual underestimation, of the electronic band gap at 0 K of boron carbide with the ideally stoichiometric composition of B4C, represented by B11CP (CBC), in density functional theory calculations is one of the outstanding controversial issues in the field of icosahedral boron-rich solids. Using a first-principles approach, we explore the effect of temperature and configurational disorder on the electronic band gap of B4C. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations are performed to account for the effects of vibrational disorder. The results reveal that the volumetric thermal expansion as well as the thermally induced configurational disorder of icosahedral C-P atoms residing in the B11CP icosahedra have a minimal impact on the band gap of B4C, while a major decrease of the band gap is caused by explicit atomic displacements, induced by lattice vibrations. At 298 K, the band gap of B4C is overestimated, as compared to the experimental value, by approximately 31%. However, configurational disorder induced by introducing a small fraction of B-12 (CBC) and B-12 (B-4) into a matrix of B11CP (CBC) to make the composition of boron carbide approximately B4.3C, claimed to be the carbon-rich limit of the material in experiment, leads to a smaller band gap due to the appearance of midgap states. These results can explain at least a part of the previous discrepancies between theory and experiments for the band gap of boron carbide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSICAL SOC , 2018. Vol. 2, no 10, article id 104603
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152617DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.104603ISI: 000447735500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-152617DiVA, id: diva2:1262092
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council (VR) [2014-6336, 2014-4750]; Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions, Cofund [INCA 600398]; Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) through the Future Research Leaders 6 program; Kungl. Ingenjorsvetenskapsakademiens Hans Werthen-Fond; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU) [2009 00971]

Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2018-12-03

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Ektarawong, AnnopSimak, SergeyAlling, Björn
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