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Is Subjective Status Influenced by Psychosocial Factors?
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. (Landstinget i Östergötland; Centre for Public Health Sciences; Centre for Public Health Sciences; Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum; Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum)
2008 (English)In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 89, no 3, 375-390 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective Associations between subjective status and health are still relatively unexplored. This study aimed at testing whether subjective status is uniquely confounded by psychosocial factors compared to objective status, and what factors that may predict subjective status. Design A cross-sectional analysis of a population-based, random sample of 795 middle-aged men and women from the southeast of Sweden. Questionnaires included subjective status, objective measures of socioeconomic status, life satisfaction, and a battery of psychosocial factors. Associations were controlled for effects of age and sex. Results Both subjective status and occupation were significantly associated with self-rated health also after control for psychosocial factors. Stepwise regression showed that subjective status was significantly influenced by self-rated economy, education, life satisfaction, self-esteem, trust, perceived control, and mastery. Conclusion The association between subjective status and self-rated health does not seem to be uniquely confounded by psychosocial factors. Both resource-based measures and psychological dimensions seem to influence subjective status ratings. Comparative studies are required to study whether predictors of subjective status vary between countries with different socio-political profiles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 89, no 3, 375-390 p.
Keyword [en]
Subjective status, Social status, Socioeconomic status, Psychosocial factors, Life satisfaction, Self-anchored ladder, Self-perceived status, Self-rated health, Psychological resources, Psychological risk factors
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15549DOI: 10.1007/s11205-008-9238-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15549DiVA: diva2:126415
Note
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com: Johanna Lundberg and Margareta Kristenson, Is Subjective Status Influenced by Psychosocial Factors?, 2008, Social Indicators Research, (89), 3, 375-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-008-9238-3 Copyright: Springer Science Business Media http://www.springerlink.com/ Available from: 2008-12-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Social status: a state of mind?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social status: a state of mind?
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is concerned with social stratification of psychosocial factors and social position measurement in population samples collected in mid-Sweden 2000-2006. Traditional resource-based measures of social position (occupation, education) and so far less explored prestige-based measures (subjective status, status incongruence) are tested with respect to their associations with psychosocial factors, emotions, and selfrated health. Three papers in this thesis are based on data from the Life Conditions, Stress, and Health (LSH) study, using a randomly selected population sample. Data for the fourth paper is a regional sample drawn from the health-related survey “Liv och Hälsa 2000”. Statistical methods range from correlation analysis to logistic regression and repeated measures analyses.

Results from studies I and IV show that psychosocial factors are unequally distributed within the population in a linear manner, so that the lower the socioeconomic position (SEP), the more unfavourable levels. This is independent of whether we study this in a highly unequal setting such as Russia, or in a more egalitarian society such as Sweden. The stability of psychometric instruments over two years tend to be lower for all instruments among low SEP groups, and differ significantly for self-esteem and perceived control among groups with high and low education, and for cynicism among groups with high and low occupational status. Results from studies II and III point to the relevance of individuals’ own thoughts about themselves, and the potential impact on the self by normative judgements of social position in a certain hierarchical setting. In paper II, the prestige-based measure of subjective status was influenced by resource-based measures, such as self-rated economy and education, but also by life satisfaction and psychosocial factors. The importance of self-evaluation was especially obvious from the study on status incongruence (study III) where the traditionally protective effecs of a high education seem to disappear when combined with a lowstatus occupation. Shaming experiences may play an important role here for our understanding of self-perception.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008. 96 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1083
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15552 (URN)978-91-7393-781-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-12-12, Berzeliussalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2009-05-06Bibliographically approved

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Lundberg, JohannaKristenson, Margareta

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