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Does two-year stability for scale scores of psychosocial factors differ by socioeconomic position?
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0279-5903
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences.
2009 (English)In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, E-ISSN 1558-691X, Vol. 105, no 3, 1009-1022 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous longitudinal studies have demonstrated the importance of measuring stability of risk factors over time to correct for attenuation bias. The present aim was to assess the stability of scores for eight psychometric scales over a 2-yr. period and whether stability differed by socioeconomic position. Baseline data were collected during 2003–2004 from 1,007 men and women ages 45 to 69 years. Follow-up data were collected in 2006 from a total of 795 men and women. Analysis showed that stability over 2 yr. was moderate and tended to be lower in groups of low socioeconomic position. It is suggested that correction of attenuation bias is relevant in longitudinal studies for psychosocial factors, especially for groups of low socioeconomic position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 105, no 3, 1009-1022 p.
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15551DOI: 10.2466/PR0.105.F.1009-1022ISI: 000274967100002PubMedID: 20229904OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15551DiVA: diva2:126417
Note

Tidigare titel: Does 2-year stability of psychosocial factors differ by socioeconomic position? Original Publication: Johanna Lundberg, Nadine Karlsson and Margareta Kristenson, DOES TWO-YEAR STABILITY FOR SCALE SCORES OF PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS DIFFER BY SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION?, 2009, PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS, (105), 3, 1009-1022. http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/PR0.105.F.1009-1022 Copyright: Perceptual and Motor Skills http://www.ammonsscientific.com/ :Test-retest correlations of self-esteem, mastery, perceived control, sense of coherence, cynicism, hopelessness, vital exhaustion and depression in a middle-aged Swedish normal population

Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Social status: a state of mind?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social status: a state of mind?
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is concerned with social stratification of psychosocial factors and social position measurement in population samples collected in mid-Sweden 2000-2006. Traditional resource-based measures of social position (occupation, education) and so far less explored prestige-based measures (subjective status, status incongruence) are tested with respect to their associations with psychosocial factors, emotions, and selfrated health. Three papers in this thesis are based on data from the Life Conditions, Stress, and Health (LSH) study, using a randomly selected population sample. Data for the fourth paper is a regional sample drawn from the health-related survey “Liv och Hälsa 2000”. Statistical methods range from correlation analysis to logistic regression and repeated measures analyses.

Results from studies I and IV show that psychosocial factors are unequally distributed within the population in a linear manner, so that the lower the socioeconomic position (SEP), the more unfavourable levels. This is independent of whether we study this in a highly unequal setting such as Russia, or in a more egalitarian society such as Sweden. The stability of psychometric instruments over two years tend to be lower for all instruments among low SEP groups, and differ significantly for self-esteem and perceived control among groups with high and low education, and for cynicism among groups with high and low occupational status. Results from studies II and III point to the relevance of individuals’ own thoughts about themselves, and the potential impact on the self by normative judgements of social position in a certain hierarchical setting. In paper II, the prestige-based measure of subjective status was influenced by resource-based measures, such as self-rated economy and education, but also by life satisfaction and psychosocial factors. The importance of self-evaluation was especially obvious from the study on status incongruence (study III) where the traditionally protective effecs of a high education seem to disappear when combined with a lowstatus occupation. Shaming experiences may play an important role here for our understanding of self-perception.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008. 96 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1083
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15552 (URN)978-91-7393-781-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-12-12, Berzeliussalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2009-05-06Bibliographically approved

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Lundberg, JohannaKarlsson, NadineKristenson, Margareta

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