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A clinical study to evaluate the cardiopulmonary characteristics of two different anaesthetic protocols for immobilization of healthy chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
Univ Nottingham, England; Twycross Zoo, England.
Kolmarden Wildlife Pk, Sweden.
Region Östergötland, Center for Diagnostics, Department of Clinical Physiology in Norrköping.
Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center.
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2018 (English)In: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, ISSN 1467-2987, E-ISSN 1467-2995, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 794-801Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To characterize the cardiopulmonary characteristics of two different anaesthetic protocols (tiletamine/zolazepam +/- medetomidine) and their suitability for the immobilization of healthy chimpanzees undergoing cardiac assessment. Study design Prospective, clinical, longitudinal study. Animals Six chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) aged 4-16 years weighing 19.5-78.5 kg were anaesthetized on two occasions. Methods Anaesthesia was induced with tiletamine/zolazepam (TZ) (3-4 mg kg(-1)) or tiletamine/zolazepam (2 mg kg(-1)) and medetomidine (0.02 mg kg(-1)) (TZM) via blow dart [intramuscular (IM)] and maintained with intermittent boluses of ketamine (IV) or zolazepam/tiletamine (IM) as required. The overall quality of the anaesthesia was quantified based on scores given for: quality of induction, degree of muscle relaxation and ease of intubation. The time to achieve a light plane of anaesthesia, number of supplemental boluses needed and recovery characteristics were also recorded. Chimpanzees were continuously monitored and heart rate (HR), pulse rate (PR), respiratory rate (f(R)) oxygen saturation of haemoglobin (SpO(2)), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), rectal temperature, mucous membrane colour and capillary refill time recorded. During the first procedure (TZ) animals underwent a 12-channel electrocardiogram (ECG), haematology, biochemistry and cardiac biomarker assessment to rule out the presence of pre-existing cardiovascular disease. A detailed echocardiographic examination was carried out by the same blinded observer during both procedures. Data were compared using Students paired t-test or Wilcoxon rank tests as appropriate. Results There was a significant difference for the area under the curves between anaesthetic protocols for HR, SAP, MAP and fR. No significant differences in the echocardiographic measurements were evident. Quality of anaesthesia was significantly better with TZM and no additional boluses were required. The TZ protocol required multiple supplemental boluses. Conclusions and clinical relevance Both combinations are suitable for immobilization and cardiovascular evaluation of healthy chimpanzees. Further work is required to evaluate the effect of medetomidine in cardiovascular disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2018. Vol. 45, no 6, p. 794-801
Keywords [en]
chimpanzee; ketamine; medetomidine; Pan troglodytes; tiletamine-zolazepam
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152820DOI: 10.1016/j.vaa.2018.06.015ISI: 000448668700010PubMedID: 30314798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-152820DiVA, id: diva2:1265244
Available from: 2018-11-22 Created: 2018-11-22 Last updated: 2019-05-02

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Tillman, Ann-SofieTräff, Stefan
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Department of Clinical Physiology in NorrköpingHeart and Medicine Center
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