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Spatial frequency domain imaging using a snap-shot filter mosaic camera with multi-wavelength sensitive pixels
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Division of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic, USA.
Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic, USA.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Division of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3454-6576
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings Volume 10467, Photonics in Dermatology and Plastic Surgery 2018; 104670D (2018) / [ed] Bernard Choi, and Haishan Zeng, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2018, Vol. 10467, article id 104670DConference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Spatial frequency domain imaging (SFDI) utilizes a digital light processing (DLP) projector for illuminating turbid media with sinusoidal patterns. The tissue absorption (μa) and reduced scattering coefficient (μ,s) are calculated by analyzing the modulation transfer function for at least two spatial frequencies. We evaluated different illumination strategies with a red, green and blue light emitting diodes (LED) in the DLP, while imaging with a filter mosaic camera, XiSpec, with 16 different multi-wavelength sensitive pixels in the 470-630 nm wavelength range. Data were compared to SFDI by a multispectral camera setup (MSI) consisting of four cameras with bandpass filters centered at 475, 560, 580 and 650 nm. A pointwise system for comprehensive microcirculation analysis was used (EPOS) for comparison. A 5-min arterial occlusion and release protocol on the forearm of a Caucasian male with fair skin was analyzed by fitting the absorption spectra of the chromophores HbO2, Hb and melanin to the estimatedμa. The tissue fractions of red blood cells (fRBC), melanin (/mel) and the Hb oxygenation (S02 ) were calculated at baseline, end of occlusion, early after release and late after release. EPOS results showed a decrease in S02 during the occlusion and hyperemia during release (S02 = 40%, 5%, 80% and 51%). The fRBC showed an increase during occlusion and release phases. The best MSI resemblance to the EPOS was for green LED illumination (S02 = 53%, 9%, 82%, 65%). Several illumination and analysis strategies using the XiSpec gave un-physiological results (e.g. negative S02 ). XiSpec with green LED illumination gave the expected change in /RBC , while the dynamics in S02 were less than those for EPOS. These results may be explained by the calculation of modulation using an illumination and detector setup with a broad spectral transmission bandwidth, with considerable variation in μa of included chromophores. Approaches for either reducing the effective bandwidth of the XiSpec filters or by including their characteristic in a light transport model for SFDI modulation, are proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2018. Vol. 10467, article id 104670D
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152301DOI: 10.1117/12.2289357ISI: 000451701900002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-152301DiVA, id: diva2:1265949
Conference
SPIE BIOS, 27 January - 1 February 2018, San Francisco, California, United States
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Strömberg, TomasSaager, Rolf B.Fredriksson, IngemarSalerud, GöranLarsson, Marcus

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