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Hope and athlete burnout: Stress and affect as mediators
Karlstad University, Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Mid Sweden University, Karlstad, Sweden.
Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
Gymnastik och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6570-5480
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2013 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

In this study we examined the relationship between trait hope and burnout in elite junior soccer players and whether stress and positive and negative affect mediated this relationship.

Methods

Participants were 238 Swedish soccer players (166 males, 71 females; one did not indicate gender) aged 15–19 years who completed questionnaires measuring trait hope, perceived stress, positive and negative affect, and athlete burnout (i.e., emotional/physical exhaustion, a reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation).

Results

Bivariate correlations were consistent with hope theory contentions indicating significant negative relationships between hope and all three burnout dimensions. The relationship between hope and emotional/physical exhaustion was fully mediated by stress and positive affect. For sport devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment, stress and positive affect partially mediated the relationship with hope. In contrast, negative affect did not mediate the relationship between hope and any of the burnout dimensions.

Conclusion

The results support earlier findings that hope is negatively related to athlete burnout. Support was also found for the hypothesis that high hope individuals would experience less stress and therefore less burnout. Promoting hope may be relevant in reducing the likelihood of this detrimental syndrome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649
Keywords [en]
Coaching, Elite athletes, Emotions, Overtraining, Stress management, Positive psychology, Youth sport
Keywords [sv]
Idrottspsykologi
National Category
Social Sciences Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153214DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.008ISI: 000324454500006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84878182282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-153214DiVA, id: diva2:1267426
Available from: 2018-12-02 Created: 2018-12-02 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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