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The Phantom fights Apartheid: New Left Ideology, Solidarity Movements and the Politics of Race
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2387-1883
2018 (English)In: Inks: The Journal of the Comics Studies Society, ISSN 2473-5205, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 288-311Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This essay argues that although The Phantom is an American comic about a superhero of British heritage set in a fictional African country filled with colonial nostalgia, it is a leading example of antiracist politics and anti-apartheid protest literature. Since 1972 the Swedish-based scriptwriters of “Team Fantomen” have regularly supplied officially licensed adventures to the Phantom comics around the world. This essay suggests that this shift in the scripts’ geographical origin also altered the politics of the comic: the Swedish creators added social commentary and political thought to the storylines, as the Phantom was redefined in line with New Left ideology. Southern Africa, with societies benighted by institutionalized racism, is inscribed into the plots, which function to inform the reader about the righteousness and validity of the dominant Swedish foreign-policy doctrine of the time. This essay contends that The Phantom played an important part in shaping Swedish public discourse on apartheid, while also helping to establish Sweden as a leading international antiracist voice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ohio State University Press, 2018. Vol. 2, no 3, p. 288-311
Keywords [en]
apartheid; ideology; internationalism; New Left; racism; solidarity movements; Team Fantomen; the Phantom
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History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-153244DiVA, id: diva2:1268177
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved

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https://muse.jhu.edu/article/710240#.XAU7xMNFtGk

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Aman, Robert

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf