Sociocultural Disadvantage, Traumatic Life Events, and Psychiatric Symptoms in Preadolescent Children
2009 (English)In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, Vol. 79, no 3, 387-397 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous research has demonstrated impact of psychosocial adversity on the mental health of children. This cross-sectional study examined the differential relationships between life-time exposure to interpersonal and non-interpersonal traumatic life events as well as sociocultural factors (family social class and immigrant family), and the level of externalizing versus internalizing symptoms. Participants included 258 children aged 6 to 12 years from two Swedish elementary schools. Information was obtained from their parents by means of questionnaires (a demographic form including information about parental occupation and country of origin, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Life Incidence of Traumatic Events checklist). While controlling for gender, age and the other symptom dimension, the sociocultural factors were associated to internalizing but not to externalizing symptoms. In contrast, traumatic life events and especially interpersonal traumas related to externalizing symptoms but not to internalizing symptoms. These findings provide some support for specificity of psychosocial adversities and for the importance of interpersonal traumas, in the impact on child mental health.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 79, no 3, 387-397 p.
stressor-outcome specificity, traumatic life events, sociocultural disadvantage, mental health, children
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15684DOI: 10.1037/a0016559OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15684DiVA: diva2:126937