Relationships between Psychological Factors, Disability, Quality of Life and Health in Chronic Pain Disorders
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Chronic pain is a very common condition with a prevalence of 40-65% in the community. The high prevalence of chronic pain causes a lot of human suffering but also high societal costs. The development and maintenance of chronic pain constitutes a complex interplay between neurobiological, psychosocial and genetic factors. A biopsychosocial model of chronic pain has been suggested to make a comprehensive context of the understanding of this issue.
The main aims of this thesis were to analyze the relationships of the different components of the biopsychosocial model of pain and to study the relative importance of pain, stress and different psychological factors on disability and health related quality of life.
The thesis is based on two groups of patients. One group consists of 275 patients with chronic Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) and one group comprise 433 patients with WAD, fibromyalgia (FM) and patients with chronic pain related to Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). The patients were investigated by questionnaires assessing different aspects of pain, depression, anxiety, catastrophizing, self-efficacy, disability and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL).
The main results were that psychological factors (especially depression) correlated relatively strongly with perceived HRQL and disability. The degree of depression appeared to have the most important relationship to perceived HRQL. Despite the fact that the patients rated depression just mild or moderate, depression had a great importance for the outcome of HQRL and disability. Pain intensity and duration played, in the cross-sectional perspective, a minor role for perceived HRQL, whereas pain intensity related more to the outcome of perceived disability.
From a clinical point of view it is important to assess the complex and unique situation of each individual with respect to depression, anxiety, self-efficacy and pain when planning treatment and rehabilitation in order to optimise the outcome of such programmes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2008. , 75 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1079
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15691ISBN: 978-91-7393-797-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15691DiVA: diva2:126949
2008-12-12, Originalet, Qulturumhuset, Länssjukhuset Ryhov, Jönköping, Sverige, Jönköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Sjölund, Bengt H, Professor
Gerdle, Björn, ProfessorPeolsson, Michael, Dr.
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