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Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis” in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected near the Arctic Circle in Norway
Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Univ Hosp North Norway, Norway; Nordland Hosp, Norway.
Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Norway.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Cty Hosp Ryhov, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Parasites & Vectors, ISSN 1756-3305, E-ISSN 1756-3305, Vol. 11, article id 620Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" is a gram-negative bacterium belonging to the family Anaplasmataceae that, in Europe, is transmitted by Ixodes ricinus ticks. Candidatus N. mikurensis can cause a severe systemic inflammatory syndrome, neoehrlichiosis, mostly in persons with other underlying diseases. To date, "Ca. N. mikurensis "has been found in ticks in different countries in Asia and Europe, but never as far north as at the Arctic Circle. Methods: A total of 1104 I. ricinus ticks collected from vegetation and from animals in northern Norway (64-68 degrees N) were analysed for the prevalence of "Ca. N. mikurensis". Of them, 495 ticks were collected from vegetation by flagging and 609 ticks were collected from dogs and cats. Total nucleic acid extracted from the ticks were converted to cDNA and analyzed with real-time PCR targeting the 16S rRNA gene of "Ca. N. mikurensis". Positive samples were further analysed by nested PCR and sequencing. Results: "Candidatus N. mikurensis" was detected in 11.2% of all collected I. ricinus ticks in northern Norway. The prevalence differed between ticks collected from vegetation (18.2%; 90/495) compared to ticks collected from dogs and cats (5.6%; 34/609). The ticks from dogs and cats were collected in Bronnoy area and seven additional districts further north. The prevalence of "Ca. N. mikurensis" in these ticks differed between geographical localities, with the highest prevalence in the Bronnoy area. Conclusions: The detection of "Ca. N. mikurensis" in I. ricinus ticks from the Arctic Circle in northern Norway indicates potential risk for tick-bitten humans at this latitude to be infected with "Ca. N. mikurensis".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC , 2018. Vol. 11, article id 620
Keywords [en]
Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis
National Category
Infectious Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153504DOI: 10.1186/s13071-018-3168-yISI: 000452324700002PubMedID: 30514355OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-153504DiVA, id: diva2:1274645
Note

Funding Agencies|EU Interreg V program ScandTick Innovation [20200422, 2015-000167]; Northern Norway Regional Health Authority (Helse Nord RHF) [SFP912-10]; Scandinavian Society of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy [SLS-100221]; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS) [657881]

Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-03-25

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Larsson, ClarindaJonsson Henningsson, AnnaWilhelmsson, Peter
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