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Language-Specific Patterns of Segment Prolongation in Hungarian
Department of Phonetics, Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Literature. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3734-0757
2018 (English)In: the Phonetician, ISSN 0741-6164, Vol. 115, p. 36-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Segment prolongation has been shown to be one of the most common forms of non-pathological speech disfluency. The distribution in the word (initial– medial–final segment) seems to vary across languages based on morphological complexity, making it interesting to study segment prolongation in languages that exhibit different degrees of morphological complexity. In this paper we study segment prolongation in Hungarian, a language with very complex morphology. Our results indicated that distribution of prolongations according to their placements in words in Hungarian is comparable to English and Swedish, with a similar degree of morphological complexity, but not to Japanese or Mandarin Chinese, languages with a less complex morphology. Prolongations involve more vowels than consonants, more function words than content words, and word length does not influence the duration of the prolonged segment. Phonologically long vowels were produced shorter durations than phonologically short vowels. Finally, we suggest a ‘phonotactics matters hypothesis”, emphasizing the complexity of permissible syllable structures, which seems to be the main cause of the observed differences in how prolongation is realized in different languages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tampa, FL, United States: International Society of Phonetic Sciences , 2018. Vol. 115, p. 36-52
Keywords [en]
disfluency segment prolongation
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153757OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-153757DiVA, id: diva2:1276690
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Eklund, Robert

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf