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Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT): effekt på en grupp individer med kronisk afasi
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
2008 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) : Effect on Individuals with Chronic Aphasia (English)
Abstract [en]

Constraint-Induced Therapy (CI) is based on the theory that constraining operationalfunctions will increase the usage and at the same time the recovery of impaired functions. Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) is a variant of CI, aimed at people with chronicaphasia. The purpose of this study was to examine whether CIAT would affect the linguisticabilities of eleven individuals with chronic aphasia. The linguistic abilities of each participant were tested before and after the therapy which consisted of thirty hours intensive trainingduring two weeks in accordance with CIAT. Abilities that were examined included namingability, informative speech, listening comprehension and everyday use of language. Measurements of the participants’ length of utterances and speech-rate were also implemented. The test results were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed ranks tests and dependent t-tests. Significant improvements were ascertained in the areas of length ofutterances, naming ability and informative speech. The conclusion of the study was that CIAT has a positive effect on individuals suffering from chronic aphasia, in regards tospeech production. It is unclear whether the method has any effect on language comprehension.

Abstract [sv]

Constraint-Induced Therapy (CI) bygger på teorin att hämmande av välfungerande funktionerökar användningen och därmed återhämtningen av nedsatta funktioner. Constraint-InducedAphasia Therapy (CIAT) är en variant av CI som riktas mot personer med kronisk afasi. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka om CIAT påverkade språkförmågan för elva personer med kronisk afasi. Deltagarnas språkförmåga testades före och efter behandlingen, vilken utgjordes av trettio timmar intensiv träning under två veckor i enlighet med CIAT. Delförmågor som testades var benämningsförmåga, informativt tal, hörförståelse samt språkanvändning i vardagen. Mätningar gjordes också av deltagarnas taltempo och genomsnittliga yttrandelängd. Deltagarnas resultat från språktesten analyserades med Wilcoxon signed ranks test och beroende t-test. Signifikanta förbättringar kunde ses inomområdena yttrandelängd, benämningsförmåga samt informativt tal. Slutsatsen var att CIAT har en positiv effekt på personer med kronisk afasi vad gäller talproduktion. Det är dockoklart huruvida metoden påverkar språkförståelse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
CI-therapy, aphasia therapy, intensive therapy, group therapy, stroke, effects of treatment
Keyword [sv]
CI-terapi, afasibehandling, intensiv behandling, gruppterapi, stroke, behandlingseffekt
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15862ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--08/007--SEOAI: diva2:127731
Available from: 2008-12-19 Created: 2008-12-10 Last updated: 2010-12-10Bibliographically approved

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