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Språkförmågor hos barn som deltar i läsfrämjande aktivitet
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Language Abilities Among Children Participating in a Reading Promoting Activity (English)
Abstract [en]

In a school for children from 6-9 years in a small town in the southeast of Sweden, is areading activity program in progress since 8 years. The original purpose of this program wasto enhance the student’s reading interest. All of the students read at least one book a week andthen they review the book in front of the class.

The purpose of the present study was to examine vocabulary, word retrieving, narrative skillsand grammatical abilities in children in this school. The objectives were to investigate if thechosen language abilities in these children were different compared to normative data andearlier studies in children at comparable ages. Furthermore, the aim was to study if narrative skills correlated with vocabulary, word retrieving and grammatical ability.

The examination was carried out by testing 65 students in the school regarding the chosenlanguage abilities. The results showed that these students had better vocabulary compared to American normative data and earlier Swedish studies. In narratives they produced stories inchronological order and they included a large amount of information. Narrative abilitiescorrelated with receptive vocabulary, word retrieving and grammatical abilities.

It was concluded that reading promoting activities may have affected these student’s languageabilities in a positive way.

Abstract [en]

I en skola för barn mellan 6 och 9 år i en liten stad i sydöstra Sverige pågår sedan 8 år tillbakaen aktivitet vars ursprungliga syfte var att öka elevernas läsintresse. Alla elever läser minst enbok i veckan och gör därefter en recension som de läser upp i klassen.

Syftet med föreliggande studie var att studera ordförråd, ordmobilisering, narrativ förmågasamt grammatisk förmåga hos eleverna på den utvalda skolan. Frågeställningarna varhuruvida utvalda språkförmågor hos eleverna skiljde sig från normativa data och tidigarestudier av barn i jämförbara åldrar. Vidare undersöktes om narrativ förmåga hade någotsamband med ordförråd, ordmobilisering och grammatisk förmåga.

Undersökningen gjordes genom att 65 elever på skolan testades med avseende på de utvalda språkförmågorna. Resultatet visade att dessa elever hade ett bättre ordförråd jämfört medamerikansk normering och tidigare svenska studier. Gällande elevernas narrativa förmåga berättade de i kronologisk ordning och återgav många delhändelser i historien. Resultatetvisade också att narrativ förmåga hade samband med impressivt ordförråd, ordmobiliseringoch grammatisk förmåga.

Slutsatsen var att den läsfrämjande aktiviteten kan ha påverkat dessa elevers språkförmågorpositivt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, grammatical abilities, narrative skills, reading frequency, receptive vocabulary, story generation, story retelling, word retrieving
Keyword [sv]
Berättande, grammatisk förmåga, impressivt ordförråd, läsfrekvens, narrativ förmåga, ordmobilisering, skolbarn, återberättande
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15868ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--08/013--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-15868DiVA: diva2:127744
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-12-19 Created: 2008-12-10 Last updated: 2010-12-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf