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Parental factors in early childhood are associated with approximal caries experience in young adults-A longitudinal study
Inst Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
Inst Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
Publ Dent Hlth Serv, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Futurum, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives To test the hypothesis that parental factors in early childhood influence approximal caries experience in young adults. Methods A cohort of 494 individuals was followed longitudinally from 1 to 20 years of age. Data were retrieved from parental interviews and questionnaires when the child was 1 and 3 years of age. At age 20, the participants underwent bitewing radiographic examination. Based on the number of approximal caries lesions (Da), stratified into initial (D-i) or manifest caries (D-m) and approximal fillings (Fa), the participants were divided into two main groups: those with: (a) 0 D(im)Fa (n = 244) and (b) amp;gt;0 D(im)Fa (n = 250). A subgroup was also created (amp;gt;= 8 D(im)Fa; n = 33). Results Toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste at 3 years of age less than twice a day (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.0-2.6) and the participants mothers self-estimation of their oral health care as "less than optimal" were important risk factors for developing caries (amp;gt;0 D(im)Fa OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.3-3.1). An interaction effect between toothbrushing at 3 years of age less than twice a day and consumption of caries risk products amp;gt; 3 times a day further increased the caries experience in young adults (amp;gt;= 8 D(im)Fa OR 8.3, 95% CI 1.8-37.8) together with maternal anxiety about dental treatment (OR 7.4 95% CI 1.6-34.6). Conclusions Parental factors in early childhood are associated with caries experience at 20 years of age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2019. Vol. 47, no 1, p. 49-57
Keywords [en]
bitewing radiographs; childhood; dental caries; parental factors; young adults
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154095DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12421ISI: 000455022700006PubMedID: 30211440OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-154095DiVA, id: diva2:1283667
Available from: 2019-01-29 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2019-01-29

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