liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Differences in molecular epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in nursing home residents and people in unassisted living situations
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Odeshog Hlth Care Ctr, Sweden.
Reg Jonkoping Cty, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Karolinska Univ Lab, Sweden.
Abbott Alere Technol GmbH, Germany; InfectoGnost Res Campus, Germany; Leibniz Inst Photon Technol, Germany.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Reg Jonkoping Cty, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: Journal of Hospital Infection, ISSN 0195-6701, E-ISSN 1532-2939, Vol. 101, no 1, p. 76-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The usefulness of colonization pressure as a working model and proxy for infection transmission is limited due to the inability to grade or quantify the specific risk within environments that are subject to change. Aim: To elaborate on the colonization pressure model by comparing the molecular epidemiology of two bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, among residents in a nursing home and people in unassisted living situations. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 73 elderly residents from a village in south-central Sweden was conducted. Of these, 35 were residents of a nursing home, and 34 lived in an own place of residence in the same geographical area. Samples of two representative bacterial species were collected from multiple body sites and analysed for molecular diversity. Findings: Combining all body sites, 47% of the participants were colonized with S. aureus and 93% with E. coli. The nursing home group, the group in unassisted living situations, and both units combined, held 16, 17, and 29 different S. aureus spa types, respectively. The corresponding numbers of different E. coli serogenotypes were 34, 28, and 48. Diabetes mellitus was associated with more frequent colonization with S. aureus. Conclusion: The molecular diversity of bacteria found within different forms of accommodation was within the same range. Hospital quality hygiene might have contributed to the absence of homogenization of the molecular diversity within the nursing home group. Diabetes mellitus might have played a role in a patient selection characterized by advanced age. (C) 2018 The Healthcare Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
W B SAUNDERS CO LTD , 2019. Vol. 101, no 1, p. 76-83
Keywords [en]
Molecular epidemiology; Staphylococcus aureus; Escherichia coli; Colonization; Nursing home; Diabetes mellitus
National Category
Infectious Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154327DOI: 10.1016/j.jhin.2018.09.002ISI: 000456379900013PubMedID: 30237119OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-154327DiVA, id: diva2:1285529
Note

Funding Agencies|Ostergotland County Council, Sweden; Medical Services, Ryhov County Hospital, Sweden

Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-02-04

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Olofsson, MagnusLindgren, Per-EricÖstgren, Carl Johan
By organisation
Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDivision of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine"Primary Health Care in Motala"
In the same journal
Journal of Hospital Infection
Infectious Medicine

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 60 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf