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Phase Transitions in Confinements: Controlling Solid to Fluid Transitions of Xenon Atoms in an On-Surface Network
Univ Basel, Switzerland.
Univ Basel, Switzerland.
Univ Basel, Switzerland.
Univ Basel, Switzerland.
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2019 (English)In: Small, ISSN 1613-6810, E-ISSN 1613-6829, Vol. 15, no 3, article id 1803169Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study reports on "phase" transitions of Xe condensates in on-surface confinements induced by temperature changes and local probe excitation. The pores of a metal-organic network occupied with 1 up to 9 Xe atoms are investigated in their propensity to undergo "condensed solid" to "confined fluid" transitions. Different transition temperatures are identified, which depend on the number of Xe atoms in the condensate and relate to the stability of the Xe clustering in the condensed "phase." This work reveals the feature-rich behavior of transitions of confined planar condensates, which provide a showcase toward future "phase-transition" storage media patterned by self-assembly. This work is also of fundamental interest as it paves the way to real space investigations of reversible solid to fluid transitions of magic cluster condensates in an array of extremely well-defined quantum confinements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH , 2019. Vol. 15, no 3, article id 1803169
Keywords [en]
phase transition of discrete number of atoms; scanning tunneling microscopy (STM); small system thermodynamics; tip-induced local excitation
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154325DOI: 10.1002/smll.201803169ISI: 000456199000017PubMedID: 30556276OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-154325DiVA, id: diva2:1285530
Note

Funding Agencies|Physics Department of the University of Basel; Swiss Nanoscience Institute; Swiss National Science Foundation [200020_162512, 206021_144991, 206021_121461, 200020_175800, 206021_113149]; Swiss Commission for Technology and Innovation (CTI) [16465.1 PFNM-NM]; Swiss Government Excellence Scholarship Program for Foreign Scholars [2013.0492]; University of Heidelberg

Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-02-04

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CiteExportLink to record
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