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The Group Knobe Effect
Univ Warwick, England; Cent European Univ, Hungary.
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Culture and Aesthetics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Lund Univ, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Philosophical Explorations, ISSN 1386-9795, E-ISSN 1741-5918, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 44-61Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the current paper, we present and discuss a series of experiments in which we investigated peoples willingness to ascribe intentions, as well as blame and praise, to groups. The experiments draw upon the so-called "Knobe Effect". Knobe [2003. "Intentional action and side effects in ordinary language." Analysis 63: 190-194] found that the positiveness or negativeness of side-effects of actions influences peoples assessment of whether those side-effects were brought about intentionally, and also that people are more willing to assign blame for negative side-effects of actions than they are to assign praise for positive side-effect of actions. Building upon this research, we found evidence that the positiveness or negativeness of side-effects of group actions influences peoples willingness to attribute intentions to groups (Experiment 1a), and that people are more willing to assign blame to groups for negative side-effects of actions than they are to assign praise to groups for positive side-effects of actions (Experiment 1b). We also found evidence (Experiments 2a, 2b, 3 and 4) that the "Group Knobe Effect" persists even when intentions and blame/praise are attributed to groups non-distributively, indicating that people tend not to think of group intentions and group blame/praise in distributive terms. We conclude that the folk are collectivist about group intentions, and also about the blameworthiness and praiseworthiness of groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019. Vol. 22, no 1, p. 44-61
Keywords [en]
collective responsibility; collective agency; Knobe Effect; blame; praise; collective intentions
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154850DOI: 10.1080/13869795.2018.1492007ISI: 000458567000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-154850DiVA, id: diva2:1293681
Note

Funding Agencies|European Research Council [679092]; Interacting Minds Centre at Aarhus University [26167]; Lund Gothenburg Responsibility Project (LGRP) - Swedish Research Council

Available from: 2019-03-05 Created: 2019-03-05 Last updated: 2019-03-26

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Szigeti, András
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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