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Epilepsins orsaker, förekomst och prognos [Epilepsy: incidens, prevalens and causes]
Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, H.K.H. Kronprinsessan Victorias barn- och ungdomssjukhus.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8189-4098
Neurologiska kliniken, Stockholm, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 115Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Epilepsy affects people in all ages with the highest incidence in small children, particularly before age one year, and in elderly aged 65 years and older. In Sweden, between 4500-5000 persons develop epilepsy annually. Based on studies from North America and Europe, including the Nordic countries, the number of people with active epilepsy in Sweden is between 60000-70000. The lifetime risk for epilepsy up to age 85 years is 4-5 %, i.e. approximately every 25th person. The new epilepsy classification divides etiology into the following groups: structural, genetic, infectious, metabolic, immune and unknown. The majority (70%) of people with epilepsy eventually become seizure free. Epilepsy increases the risk of psychosocial problems and accidents. People with epilepsy have up to a 3-fold increase in mortality, mainly due to the underlying causes and epilepsy related deaths, e.g. status epilepticus, SUDEP and accidents. Somatic, psychiatric and neuropsychiatric comorbidities are common in epilepsy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Läkartidningen förlag , 2018. Vol. 115
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-155862PubMedID: 29786801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-155862DiVA, id: diva2:1300781
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2019-03-29 Last updated: 2019-05-03

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Sundelin, Heléne

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Division of Children's and Women's healthFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesH.K.H. Kronprinsessan Victorias barn- och ungdomssjukhus
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Läkartidningen
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences

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