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Adult onset asthma in non-allergic women working in dampness damaged buildings: A retrospective cohort study
Orebro Univ, Sweden; Natl Inst Occupat Hlth STAMI, Norway.
Orebro Univ, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center.
2019 (English)In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine, ISSN 0271-3586, E-ISSN 1097-0274, Vol. 62, no 4, p. 357-363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background There is still no consensus about the association between working in dampness-damaged buildings and new onset of asthma among adults. The purpose of this study was to assess asthma in the staff of two psychiatric clinics where some premises were suffering from dampness. Methods A 20-year retrospective cohort study was performed using questionnaires. Results Incidence rate ratios (IRR) for asthma were non-significantly elevated (IRR = 2.3) among exposed individuals. The risk was greater among females (IRR = 3.5, 95% CI 1.0-16). IRR for non-atopic women was 8.8 (95% CI 1.4-196). Adjusting for smoking habits weakened the risks marginally (IRR = 7.3, 95% CI 1.1-167). The number of male participants was too low to draw conclusion regarding the risk for men. Conclusion The results suggest that working in dampness-damaged buildings might be a possible health hazard. This finding is most pronounced in non-atopic females.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2019. Vol. 62, no 4, p. 357-363
Keywords [en]
asthma; dampness damaged buildings; retrospective cohort study; susceptible groups
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-155933DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22952ISI: 000460561500010PubMedID: 30677156OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-155933DiVA, id: diva2:1301302
Note

Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden [FORSS-10103]

Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-01

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