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Who Moves to Whom? Gender Differences in the Distance Moved to a Shared Residence
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IAS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6932-6496
Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1246-2427
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 435-458Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the migration of couples and families is well examined, the migration that occurs at the start of co-residence has only been minimally studied. This study examines (1) whether women move more often and move over longer distances at the start of co-residence and (2) whether gender differences (if any) stem from compositional differences between women and men, such as gender differences in ties, or if they are the consequence of the within-couple distribution of bargaining power. The analyses are performed on Swedish population register data from 1991 to 2008, including longitudinal information on the residence of all couples who either married or had a child as cohabitants in 2008, backtracking them to the year of union formation. The results indicate that women are more prone to move for the sake of their male partner in the process of union formation than vice versa. If partners lived in close proximity prior to co-residence, the woman’s increased likelihood of moving and longer distance moved is nearly completely explained by power imbalances in the couple. Gender differences in ties only have minor importance in explaining gender differences in these types of migration patterns. If partners lived far apart prior to co-residence, gender differences are particularly pronounced. These differences remain after adjusting for the two partners’ relative resources. We contribute to the family migration literature by suggesting that women’s higher propensity to move and their longer distance moved are indications that even couples’ decisions at the start of co-residence are made in favour of the man’s career.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2019. Vol. 35, no 3, p. 435-458
Keywords [en]
Union formation, Migration, Migration distance, Co-residence, Gender
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156128DOI: 10.1007/s10680-018-9490-4ISI: 000476493200001PubMedID: 31372100Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045901701OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156128DiVA, id: diva2:1302211
Projects
Swedish Initiative for Research on Microdata in the Social and Medical Sciences (SIMSAM): Stockholm University SIMSAM Node for Demographic ResearchSegregation: Mikromekanismer och makroprocesser (RJ)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M12-0301:1Swedish Research Council, 445-2013-7681Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5460Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164EU, European Research Council, 324233
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council [445-2013-7681, 340-2013-5460, 340-2013-5164]; European Research Council under the European Unions Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC Grant [324233]; Riksbankens Jubileumsfond [DNR M12-0301: 1]

Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved

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Brandén, Maria

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Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)Human Geography

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