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Modelo en desorden: Estado de bienestar, dogmatismode austeridad y cambio radical en las políticasde migración suecas
Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (REMESO)ORCID iD: laxholmen11
Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Umeå universitet. (REMESO)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8532-1019
2018 (Spanish)In: Migración y Desarollo, ISSN 1870-7599, Vol. 16, no 31, p. 71-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The winds of xenophobia hovering over Europe have swept the moral politicalfoundations of an inclusive Swedish migration policy into the dustbin of history and twistedan enlightened left-right consensus on an open and humanitarian asylum policy into its mirroropposite. Lured by advances of the extreme right the main political parties have, since2015, come to indiscriminately embrace the view that immigration, etno-cultural diversityand an open-door refugee policy is detrimental to welfare and, in consequence, curbing migrationhas become the all dominant political strategem in vying for votes. The authorschallenge this widely accepted narrative by arguing that the sustainability of the Swedishwelfare state has not been undermined by migration but by consecutive Swedish governments'unbending adherence to austerity politics since the beginning of the 1990s. Austeritypolitics have, step by step, weakened the Swedish Model's socially integrative functions andprevented the implementation of an ambitious agenda, harvesting a potentially dynamic interplayof expansionary economic and social policies and a humanitarian asylum policy.

Abstract [es]

La sombra de xenofobia que se cierne sobre Europa ha arrojado al cubo de basuralos fundamentos morales de una política inclusiva de migración en Suecia y ha tergiversadoun consenso de izquierda y derecha sobre una política de asilo abierta y humanitaria hacia suextremo opuesto. Desde el 2015, atraídos por los avances de la extrema derecha, los principalespartidos políticos han aceptado indistintamente que la inmigración, la diversidad etnoculturaly la política de puertas abiertas para refugiados van en perjuicio del Estado de bienestar y, comoconsecuencia, frenar la migración se ha convertido en la estratagema política dominante parala obtención de votos. Los autores desafían esta narrativa ampliamente aceptada al argumentarque la sostenibilidad del Estado de bienestar en Suecia no ha sido socavada a causa de lamigración sino a la firme adherencia hacia políticas de austeridad por consecutivas gubernaturassuecas desde comienzos de los 1990. Las políticas de austeridad han debilitado, poco apoco, las funciones socialmente integradoras del Modelo Sueco y han impedido la implementaciónde una agenda ambiciosa que reúna una interacción potencialmente dinámica de políticaseconómicas y sociales expansionistas, así como una política de asilo humanitaria.Palabras clave: Modelo Sueco, Estado de bienestar, políticas migratorias, solidaridad social.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zacatezas, Mexico: Red Internacional de MIgracion y Desarrollo , 2018. Vol. 16, no 31, p. 71-104
Keywords [en]
Swedish Model, welfare state, migration policies, social solidarity
Keywords [es]
Modelo Sueco, Estado de bienestar, políticas migratorias, solidaridad social
National Category
Work Sciences International Migration and Ethnic Relations Social Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156259OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156259DiVA, id: diva2:1303561
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2006-1524Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-16Bibliographically approved

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https://estudiosdeldesarrollo.mx/migracionydesarrollo/numero-31/

Authority records BETA

Schierup, Carl-UlrikScarpa, Simone

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REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and SocietyFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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