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Examining Gender Differences in Students’ Entrance into and Persistence in STEM Programs in Swedish Higher Education
Department of Education at Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Education at Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Educational Sciences, ISSN 1857-6036, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 66-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Encouraging students to enter and persist in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs in higher education has been the focus of STEM education worldwide. To promote social equality particular attention has been given to including student groups such as women, ethnic minorities, and students with low economic status that have long been underrepresented in STEM education. The aim of this research was to examine gender differences in students’ entrance into and persistence in STEM programs in Swedish higher education through the lens of social cognitive career theory (SCCT). Through a quantitative secondary analysis of Interest and Recruitment in Science (IRIS) project data collected in Sweden, a total of 2372 responses were validated and analyzed, including 1530 males (65%) and 842 females (35%). The main findings showed that female students valued previous learning experiences in formal education contexts and social influences more than males, with a significant difference of (p<0.05). Male students valued informal learning experiences more and presented selfefficacy and choice goals to a higher degree, with a significant difference of (p<0.05). No significant gender differences were found with regard to appreciation of current study life. The discussions and implications of the findings and previous research are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 6, no 1, p. 66-94
Keywords [en]
STEM education; Gender; Higher education; entrance; persistence.
National Category
Other Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156285DOI: 10.19044/ejes.v6no1a5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156285DiVA, id: diva2:1303951
Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-11 Last updated: 2019-04-16Bibliographically approved

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Jidesjö, Anders

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf