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Computational microscopy study of the granular structure and pH dependence of PEDOT:PSS
Ferdawsi Univ Mashhad, Iran.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Autonomous Univ Madrid, Spain.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2019 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 21, no 12, p. 6699-6711Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Computational microscopy based on Martini coarse grained molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a doped conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)polystyrene sulfonate (best known as PEDOT:PSS) was performed focussing on the formation of the granular structure and PEDOT crystallites, and the effect of pH on the material morphology. The PEDOT:PSS morphology is shown to be sensitive to the initial distribution of PEDOT and PSS in the solution, and the results of the modelling suggest that the experimentally observed granular structure of PEDOT:PSS can be only obtained if the PEDOT/PSS solution is in the dispersive state in the initial crystallization stages. Variation of the pH is demonstrated to strongly affect the morphology of PEDOT:PSS films, altering their structure between granular-type and homogeneous. It also affects the size of crystallites and the relative arrangement of PEDOT and PSS chains. It is shown that the crystallites in PEDOT:PSS are smaller than those in PEDOT with molecular counterions such as PEDOT:tosylate, which is consistent with the available experimental data. The predicted changes of the PEDOT:PSS morphology with variation of the pH can be tested experimentally, and the calculated atomistic picture of PEDOT:PSS films (not accessible by conventional experimental techniques) is instrumental for understanding the material structure and building realistic models of PEDOT:PSS morphology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY , 2019. Vol. 21, no 12, p. 6699-6711
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156389DOI: 10.1039/c8cp07141aISI: 000462649400036PubMedID: 30855609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156389DiVA, id: diva2:1305730
Note

Funding Agencies|Troedssons foundation [896/16]; Peter Wallenberg foundation [PWS-2016-0010]; Swedish Research Council via "Research Environment grant" on "Disposable paper fuel cells" [2016 05990]; Swedish Research Council [2017-04474]; Swedish Energy Agency [43561-1]; Advanced Functional Material center at Linkoping University

Available from: 2019-04-18 Created: 2019-04-18 Last updated: 2019-10-28

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