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Physical Fitness, Physical Activity, and the Executive Function in Children with Overweight and Obesity
Univ Granada, Spain; Michigan State Univ, MI 48824 USA.
Univ Granada, Spain; Northeastern Univ, MA 02115 USA.
Univ Granada, Spain.
Univ Granada, Spain.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports, ISSN 0022-3476, E-ISSN 2213-5766, Vol. 208, p. 50-+Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To examine the associations of physical fitness and physical activity with executive function in children with overweight and obesity. Study design A cross-sectional study involving 100 children with overweight and obesity (10.1 +/- 1.1 years old; 58.0% boys). We assessed physical fitness components (ie, muscular strength, speed-agility, and cardiorespiratory fitness) using the ALPHA battery, and physical activity and sedentary time by accelerometry. Cognitive flexibility was measured by the Design Fluency Test and Trail Making Test, inhibition by the Stroop test, and planning ability by the Zoo Map Test. Results Handgrip strength was positively associated with planning ability (P = .025). Speed-agility was positively related to cognitive flexibility and inhibition (P amp;lt; .05). Cardiorespiratory fitness and an overall fitness Z-score were positively associated with indicators of cognitive flexibility (P amp;lt; .05). No associations were found for physical activity and sedentary time with executive function (P amp;gt;= .05). Conclusions Muscular strength, speed agility, and cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with executive function in children with overweight and obesity. Cognitive flexibility seems to be more robustly associated with all fitness components, whereas planning ability and inhibition might depend on the component analyzed. The positive associations found in the present study in children with overweight and obesity call for more exercise-based randomized controlled trials in this population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MOSBY-ELSEVIER , 2019. Vol. 208, p. 50-+
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Pediatrics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156915DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.12.028ISI: 000465236700012PubMedID: 30902422OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156915DiVA, id: diva2:1318750
Available from: 2019-05-28 Created: 2019-05-28 Last updated: 2019-06-28

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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