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A comparison of orofacial profiles in 5-and 10-year-old Swedish children with and without cleft lip and/or palate
Inst Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Maxillofacial Unit.
2019 (English)In: Clinical Oral Investigations, ISSN 1432-6981, E-ISSN 1436-3771, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 1341-1347Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ObjectivesThe objectives of this study were to assess orofacial profiles in 5- and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) compared to controls and to estimate a possible association between orofacial dysfunction and caries frequency.Materials and methodsA total of 133 children with CL/P (77 5-year-olds and 56 10-year-olds) and 308 controls (142 5-year-olds and 166 10-year-olds) were included in the study. Orofacial function was evaluated with Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S), and caries were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS).ResultsThe total NOT-S score was higher in children with CL/P compared to controls (mean 3.2 vs 0.9, pamp;lt;0.001). The domains frequently scored in CL/P children were speech (82%), face at rest (72%), and facial expression (58%). There was a significantly positive correlation between NOT-S scores and caries frequency.ConclusionsChildren with CL/P have impaired orofacial function compared to controls. There seems to be a correlation between orofacial function and caries.Clinical relevanceImpaired orofacial function seen in children with CL/P can be one of many risk factors for caries development, and it is suggested to be a part of caries risk assessment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG , 2019. Vol. 23, no 3, p. 1341-1347
Keywords [en]
Children; Cleft lip and; or palate; Orofacial function; NOT-S; Caries
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157564DOI: 10.1007/s00784-018-2562-3ISI: 000465332900036PubMedID: 30014165OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157564DiVA, id: diva2:1328647
Note

Funding Agencies|Region Jonkoping County; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS); Academy for Health and Care Region Jonkoping County (Futurum)

Available from: 2019-06-22 Created: 2019-06-22 Last updated: 2019-06-22

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  • apa
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