Cognitive and linguistic skills in Swedish children with cochlear implants - measures of accuracy and latency as indicators of development
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 49, no 6, 559-576 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of the present study was to examine working memory (WM) capacity, lexical access and phonological skills in 19 children with cochlear implants (CI) (5;7-13;4 years of age) attending grades 0-2, 4, 5 and 6 and to compare their performance with 56 children with normal hearing. Their performance was also studied in relation to demographic factors. The findings indicate that children with CI had visuospatial WM capacities equivalent to the comparison group. They had lower performance levels on most of the other cognitive tests. Significant differences between the groups were not found in all grades and a number of children with CI performed within 1 SD of the mean of their respective grade-matched comparison group on most of the cognitive measures. The differences between the groups were particularly prominent in tasks of phonological WM. The results are discussed with respect to the effects of cochlear implants on cognitive development.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 49, no 6, 559-576 p.
Children with CI, working memory, lexical access, phonological skills
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16101DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2008.00680.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16101DiVA: diva2:133176