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Cognitive hearing science and ease of language understanding
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1896-8250
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 247-261Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The current update of the Ease of Language Understanding (ELU) model evaluates the predictive and postdictive aspects of speech understanding and communication.Design: The aspects scrutinised concern: (1) Signal distortion and working memory capacity (WMC), (2) WMC and early attention mechanisms, (3) WMC and use of phonological and semantic information, (4) hearing loss, WMC and long-term memory (LTM), (5) WMC and effort, and (6) the ELU model and sign language.Study Samples: Relevant literature based on own or others data was used.Results: Expectations 1-4 are supported whereas 5-6 are constrained by conceptual issues and empirical data. Further strands of research were addressed, focussing on WMC and contextual use, and on WMC deployment in relation to hearing status. A wider discussion of task demands, concerning, for example, inference-making and priming, is also introduced and related to the overarching ELU functions of prediction and postdiction. Finally, some new concepts and models that have been inspired by the ELU-framework are presented and discussed.Conclusions: The ELU model has been productive in generating empirical predictions/expectations, the majority of which have been confirmed. Nevertheless, new insights and boundary conditions need to be experimentally tested to further shape the model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019. Vol. 58, no 5, p. 247-261
Keywords [en]
Cognition; hearing impairment; age-related hearing loss; speech in noise; working memory; ease of language understanding; effort; dementia
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158343DOI: 10.1080/14992027.2018.1551631ISI: 000468050000001PubMedID: 30714435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158343DiVA, id: diva2:1333854
Note

Funding Agencies|Linnaeus Centre HEAD excellence centre grant from the Swedish Research Council [349-2007-8654]; FORTE [2012-1693]; Swedish Research Council [2017-06092]

Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-07-02

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Rönnberg, JerkerHolmer, EmilRudner, Mary
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