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Implications of the mitochondrial interactome of mammalian thioredoxin 2 for normal cellular function and disease
Hellas Forth, Greece.
Acad Athens BRFAA, Greece.
Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
Acad Athens BRFAA, Greece.
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2019 (English)In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine, ISSN 0891-5849, E-ISSN 1873-4596, Vol. 137, p. 59-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Multiple thioredoxin isoforms exist in all living cells. To explore the possible functions of mammalian mitochondrial thioredoxin 2 (Trx2), an interactome of mouse Trx2 was initially created using (i) a monothiol mouse Trx2 species for capturing protein partners from different organs and (ii) yeast two hybrid screens on human liver and rat brain cDNA libraries. The resulting interactome consisted of 195 proteins (Trx2 included) plus the mitochondrial 16S RNA. 48 of these proteins were classified as mitochondrial (MitoCarta2.0 human inventory). In a second step, the mouse interactome was combined with the current four-membered mitochondrial sub-network of human Trx2 (BioGRID) to give a 53-membered human Trx2 mitochondrial interactome (52 interactor proteins plus the mitochondrial 16S RNA). Although thioredoxins are thiol-employing disulfide oxidoreductases, approximately half of the detected interactions were not due to covalent disulfide bonds. This finding reinstates the extended role of thioredoxins as moderators of protein function by specific non-covalent, protein-protein interactions. Analysis of the mitochondrial interactome suggested that human Trx2 was involved potentially in mitochondrial integrity, formation of iron sulfur clusters, detoxification of aldehydes, mitoribosome assembly and protein synthesis, protein folding, ADP ribosylation, amino acid and lipid metabolism, glycolysis, the TCA cycle and the electron transport chain. The oxidoreductase functions of Trx2 were verified by its detected interactions with mitochondrial peroxiredoxins and methionine sulfoxide reductase. Parkinsons disease, triosephosphate isomerase deficiency, combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency, and lactate dehydrogenase b deficiency are some of the diseases where the proposed mitochondrial network of Trx2 may be implicated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 137, p. 59-73
Keywords [en]
Redox; Disulfide; Interactome; Interactor; Thiol-disulfide interchange; Thioredoxin; Mitochondrion
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158322DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.04.018ISI: 000467908800006PubMedID: 31018154Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064672350OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158322DiVA, id: diva2:1333879
Note

Funding Agencies|Greek General Secretariat of Research and Technology [01EP104]

Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved

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Spyrou, Giannis
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Division of Clinical ChemistryFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
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