The Influence of Pediatric Cancer Diagnosis and Illness Complication Factors on Parental Distress
2008 (English)In: Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology (Print), ISSN 1077-4114, E-ISSN 1536-3678, Vol. 30, no 11, 807-814 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: We investigated how primary diagnosis and risk for diagnosis-related complication factors influence parental distress after a childs cancer diagnosis
Methods: We used a model in which "complicated childhood cancers" were grouped into 1 category after identifying a set of potentially influential illness complication variables. This category included central nervous system tumors, acute myeloid leukemia, and bone tumors. Parental distress in that category (n = 144) was compared with distress after acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 177) in the child. In addition, comparisons were made between parents of the specific diagnosis groups. A multidimensional questionnaire assessing symptoms of distress was used.
Results: Parents in the complicated cancer category showed significantly heightened disease-related fear, anxiety, depression, loss of control, late effects-related uncertainty, and poorer self-esteem compared with parents of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Significantly heightened parental distress was associated with the child having been treated with cranial irradiation.
Conclusions: Relatively heightened distress in parents of children with complicated cancer is influenced by diagnosis-related factors like an intricate prediagnostic phase, and uncertainty about late effects. Heightened vulnerability to distress signals exceptional needs for support and information among parents of children treated for central nervous system or bone tumors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 30, no 11, 807-814 p.
parental distress, CNS tumors, bone tumors, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, complicated childhood cancer
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16189DOI: 10.1097/MPH.0b013e31818a9553OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16189DiVA: diva2:133400