Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Immune Responses in Relation to the TLR4(Asp299Gly) Gene Polymorphism
2008 (English)In: Clinical and vaccine immunology, ISSN 1556-6811 , Vol. 15, no 12, 1878-1883 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Altered microbial exposure is a possible explanation for the increase of allergies in the Western world. However, genetic factors influence microbially induced immune responses. We have investigated the TLR4(Asp299Gly) gene polymorphism and its possible association with receptor expression of circulating peripheral blood monocytes and the in vitro cytokine responses and phosphorylation of intracellular signaling proteins in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium. We studied 34 of the predominant haplotype TLR4 Asp299 (AA) and 8 heterozygote Asp299Gly (AG) individuals. TLR4 expression levels were similar in the two genotype groups. Serovar Typhimurium LPS induced interleukin-12p70 from PBMC, and the degree of phosphorylation of the intracellular signaling protein I kappa B alpha in PBMC was lower in the AG than the AA group (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively). These results were not seen, however, when PMBC were stimulated with E. coli-derived LPS. Based on these results, we propose that TLR4(Asp299Gly) gene polymorphism and the bacterial origin of LPS should be considered when environmental LPS exposure is evaluated in disease risk or protection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 15, no 12, 1878-1883 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16220DOI: 10.1128/CVI.00241-08OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16220DiVA: diva2:133463