Nitric oxide production in the exhaled air of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in relation to HIV co-infection
2008 (English)In: BMC Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1471-2334, Vol. 8, no 146Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Nitric oxide (NO) is essential for host defense in rodents, but the role of NO during tuberculosis (TB) in man remains controversial. However, earlier observations that arginine supplementation facilitates anti-TB treatment, supports the hypothesis that NO is important in the host defense against TB. Local production of NO measured in fractional exhaled air (FeNO) in TB patients with and without HIV co-infection has not been reported previously. Thus, our aim was to investigate levels of FeNO in relation to clinical symptoms and urinary NO metabolites (uNO).
Methods: In a cross sectional study, FeNO and uNO were measured and clinical symptoms, chest x-ray, together with serum levels of arginine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 12 (IL-12) were evaluated in sputum smear positive TB patients (HIV+/TB, n = 36, HIV-/TB, n = 59), their household contacts (n = 17) and blood donors (n = 46) from Gondar University Hospital, Ethiopia.
Results: The proportion of HIV-/TB patients with an increased FeNO level (> 25 ppb) was significantly higher as compared to HIV+/TB patients, but HIV+/TB patients had significantly higher uNO than HIV-/TB patients. HIV+ and HIV-/TB patients both had lower levels of FeNO compared to blood donors and household contacts. The highest levels of both uNO and FeNO were found in household contacts. Less advanced findings on chest x-ray, as well as higher sedimentation rate were observed in HIV+/TB patients as compared to HIV-/TB patients. However, no significant correlation was found between FeNO and uNO, chest x-ray grading, clinical symptoms, TNF-alpha, IL-12, arginine levels or sedimentation rate.
Conclusion: In both HIV negative and HIV co infected TB patients, low levels of exhaled NO compared to blood donors and household were observed. Future studies are needed to confirm whether low levels of exhaled NO could be a risk factor in acquiring TB and the relative importance of NO in human TB.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 8, no 146
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16238DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-8-146OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16238DiVA: diva2:133497
Original Publication: Jonna Idh, Anna Westman, Daniel Elias, Feleke Moges, Assefa Getachew, Aschalew Gelaw, Tommy Sundqvist, Tony Forslund, Addis Alemu, Belete Ayele, Ermias Diro, Endalkachew Melese, Yared Wondmikun, Sven Britton, Olle Stendahl and Thomas Schoen, Nitric oxide production in the exhaled air of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in relation to HIV co-infection, 2008, BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES, (8), 146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-8-146 Publisher: BioMed Central http://www.biomedcentral.com/2009-01-162009-01-092012-05-07Bibliographically approved