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Relationship of food frequencies as reported by parents to overweight and obesity at 5 years
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics .
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at G¨ oteborg University, Sweden.
Deptartment of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Sweden/Department of Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics . Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Linköping.
2009 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, Vol. 98, no 1, 139-143 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate if food frequencies are related to overweight/obesity in 5-year-old children.

Methods: During 1997-1999, 21 700 infants were invited to participate in ABIS (All Babies in Southeast Sweden), a prospective, cohort study. Participants were followed from birth (n = 16 058) to 5 years (n = 7356). Food frequencies reported by parents at 2.5 and 5 years were studied in the relation to overweight/obesity at 5 years using multiple logistic regressions. A p-value < 0.01 was considered statistically significant.

Results: At 2.5 years frequencies of intake of cheese were positively associated with overweight/obesity at 5 years while porridge, fried potatoes/french fries and cream/creme fraiche showed a negative association. When adjusting for known risk factors, porridge and fried potatoes/french fries remained negatively associated with overweight/obesity. At 5 years, chocolate and lemonade were positively associated with overweight/obesity whereas cream/creme fraiche, pastries and candy were negatively associated. Candy remained negatively associated to overweight/obesity after adjustment for potential confounders.

Conclusion: Food frequencies do not offer any simple explanation for overweight/obesity. Porridge at 2.5 years may protect against overweight/obesity at 5 years, while lemonade may contribute to overweight. Our finding that fried potatoes/french fries may protect against overweight/obesity is unexpected and must be interpreted with caution. These findings should be confirmed by prospective studies using objective recordings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley InterScience , 2009. Vol. 98, no 1, 139-143 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, Epidemiology, Food frequency, Obesity, Overweight
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16269DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.01043.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16269DiVA: diva2:133576
Available from: 2009-01-12 Created: 2009-01-09 Last updated: 2009-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Huus, KarinaLudvigsson, Johnny

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