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Temporomandibular pain in adolescents with a history of preterm birth
Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care, Center for Oral Rehabilitation Norrköping. Malmo Univ, Sweden.
Malmo Univ, Sweden.
Lund Univ, Sweden.
Malmo Univ, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, ISSN 0305-182X, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 46, no 7, p. 589-596Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

To evaluate the frequency of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain among adolescents with a history of preterm birth compared to a matched control group.

Methods

A group of 192 preterm‐born adolescents was followed up at the age of 17‐19 years and compared to matched controls. Self‐report questionnaires included screening questions about TMD pain, chronic diseases, general health, depression, anxiety, anger, antisocial behaviour and self‐concept. TMD pain was defined as answering “yes” to one or both of the following questions: “Do you have pain in the temple, face, temporomandibular joint or jaws once a week or more?” and “Do you have pain when you open your mouth wide or chew once a week or more often?” Data analysis was performed using chi‐square test and logistic regression model with likelihood ratio test.

Results

A TMD pain frequency of 23% of preterm‐born adolescents and 26% among the controls was found, with no significant differences between the groups. Neither were there differences regarding anxiety, depression, anger or self‐confidence. Within the preterm group, adolescents with TMD pain registered tension and pain in the body, trouble sleeping, stomach pain and feelings of hopelessness about the future. The controls with TMD pain, more reported having a bad life, feeling like a failure and having bodily pain. Among tested background variables, only TMJ locking or intermittent locking once a week or more was found to explain TMD pain in adolescents.

Conclusion

A high frequency of TMD pain was found in both groups, one possible explanation could be TMJ dysfunction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2019. Vol. 46, no 7, p. 589-596
Keywords [en]
adolescents; case-control study; preterm birth; psychosocial factors; screening questions; temporomandibular disorder pain
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159062DOI: 10.1111/joor.12782ISI: 000474283800001PubMedID: 30807654Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85063127744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-159062DiVA, id: diva2:1338414
Note

Funding Agencies|Public Dental Health in The Region of Ostergotland [4-17-23]; Faculty of Odontology, Malmo University

Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-22 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Ing-Marie

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