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Disembedding performance and eye gaze behavior of adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Curtin Univ, Australia.
Curtin Univ, Australia.
Curtin Univ, Australia.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Curtin Univ, Australia.
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2019 (English)In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 66, article id UNSP 101417Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Atypical visual perception in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) may contribute to superiority in disembedding tasks. Gaze behavior has provided some insights in to mechanisms underlying this purported superiority in children, however evidence is limited and requires additional investigation. Method: The performance and gaze behavior of 27 adolescents with ASD and 27 matched typically developing (TD) peers were examined during the Figure Ground Subtest of the Test of Visual Perception Skills-third edition (TVPS-3). Results: Compared to their TD counterparts, adolescents with ASD were no different in accuracy, however, had a longer response time. Differences in gaze behavior were also observed, characterized by adolescents with ASD spending less time viewing the incorrect and target figures, and spending a greater proportion of time viewing irrelevant areas of the stimuli compared to TD adolescents. Conclusions: Results suggest that while altered visual perception was observed, this did not contribute to superiority in disembedding tasks in adolescents with ASD. Future research is required to elucidate conditions under which altered visual perception may contribute to behavioral superiority.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2019. Vol. 66, article id UNSP 101417
Keywords [en]
Eye tracking; Local bias; Weak central coherence; Enhanced perceptual functioning
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160031DOI: 10.1016/j.rasd.2019.101417ISI: 000480668200008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-160031DiVA, id: diva2:1349088
Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-09-06

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Falkmer, Torbjörn
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Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesPain and Rehabilitation Center
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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