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A grading scale for surgically treated patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage: the Surgical Swedish ICH Score
Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, Uppsala University, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Neurosurgery, Lund University, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Neurosurgery, ISSN 0022-3085, E-ISSN 1933-0693, Journal of Neurosurgery JNSArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE

The authors aimed to develop the first clinical grading scale for patients with surgically treated spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).

METHODS

A nationwide multicenter study including 401 ICH patients surgically treated by craniotomy and evacuation of a spontaneous supratentorial ICH was conducted between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015. All neurosurgical centers in Sweden were included. All medical records and neuroimaging studies were retrospectively reviewed. Independent predictors of 30-day mortality were identified by logistic regression. A risk stratification scale (the Surgical Swedish ICH [SwICH] Score) was developed using weighting of independent predictors based on strength of association.

RESULTS

Factors independently associated with 30-day mortality were Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (p = 0.00015), ICH volume ≥ 50 mL (p = 0.031), patient age ≥ 75 years (p = 0.0056), prior myocardial infarction (MI) (p = 0.00081), and type 2 diabetes (p = 0.0093). The Surgical SwICH Score was the sum of individual points assigned as follows: GCS score 15–13 (0 points), 12–5 (1 point), 4–3 (2 points); age ≥ 75 years (1 point); ICH volume ≥ 50 mL (1 point); type 2 diabetes (1 point); prior MI (1 point). Each increase in the Surgical SwICH Score was associated with a progressively increased 30-day mortality (p = 0.0002). No patient with a Surgical SwICH Score of 0 died, whereas the 30-day mortality rates for patients with Surgical SwICH Scores of 1, 2, 3, and 4 were 5%, 12%, 31%, and 58%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

The Surgical SwICH Score is a predictor of 30-day mortality in patients treated surgically for spontaneous supratentorial ICH. External validation is needed to assess the predictive value as well as the generalizability of the Surgical SwICH Score.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rolling Meadows, IL United States: American Association of Neurological Surgeons , 2019.
National Category
Neurology Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160130DOI: 10.3171/2019.5.JNS19622PubMedID: 31443074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-160130DiVA, id: diva2:1349141
Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved

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Tobieson, Lovisa

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Division of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Neurosurgery
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