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Exploring the Mg-Cr-H System at High Pressure and Temperature via in Situ Synchrotron Diffraction
ESRF, France.
ESRF, France.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
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2019 (English)In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 58, no 16, p. 11043-11050Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The complex transition metal hydride Mg3CrH8 has been previously synthesized using high pressure conditions. It contains the first group 6 homoleptic hydrido complex, [Cr(II)H-7](5-). Here, we investigated the formation of Mg3CrH8 by in situ studies of reaction mixtures of 3MgH(2)-Cr-H-2 at 5 GPa. The formation of the known orthorhombic form (o-Mg3CrH8) was noticed at temperatures above 635 degrees C, albeit at a relatively slow rate. At temperatures around 750 degrees C a high temperature phase formed rapidly, which upon slow cooling converted into o-Mg3CrH8. The phase transition at high pressures occurred reversibly at similar to 735 degrees C upon heating and at similar to 675 degrees C upon slow cooling. Upon rapid cooling, a monoclinic polymorph (m-Mg3CrH8) was afforded which could be subsequently recovered and analyzed at ambient pressure. m-Mg3CrH8 was found to crystallize in P2(1)/n space group (a = 5.128 angstrom, b = 16.482 angstrom, c = 4.805 angstrom, beta = 90.27 degrees). Its structure elucidation from high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction data was aided by first-principles DFT calculations. Like the orthorhombic polymorph, m-Mg3CrH8 contains pentagonal bipyramidal complexes [CrH7](5-) and interstitial H-. The arrangement of metal atoms and interstitial H- resembles closely that of the high pressure orthorhombic form of Mg3MnH7. This suggests similar principles of formation and stabilization of hydrido complexes at high pressure and temperature conditions in the Mg-Cr-H and Mg-Mn-H systems. Calculated enthalpy versus pressure relations predict o-Mg3CrH8 being more stable than m-Mg3CrH8 by 6.5 kJ/mol at ambient pressure and by 13 kJ/mol at 5 GPa. The electronic structure of m-Mg3CrH8 is very similar to that of o-Mg3CrH8. The stable 18-electron complex [CrH7](5-) is mirrored in the occupied states, and calculated band gaps are around 1.5 eV.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2019. Vol. 58, no 16, p. 11043-11050
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Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160429DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01569ISI: 000482173300069PubMedID: 31364366OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-160429DiVA, id: diva2:1353528
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Government Strategic Research Area Grant in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU) [200900971]; Carl Tryggers Stiftelse (CTS) for Vetenskaplig Forskning [16:198, 17:206]

Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-09-23

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