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Localized modes in two-dimensional octagonal-diamond lattices
Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade.
University of Niš.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6708-1560
Universidad de Chile.
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: Book of abstracts PHOTONICA2019: ABSTRACTS OF TUTORIAL, KEYNOTE, INVITED LECTURES, PROGRESS REPORTS AND CONTRIBUTED PAPERS / [ed] Milica Matijević, Marko Krstić and Petra Beličev, Belgrade, Serbia: Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences , 2019, p. 93-93Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Two-dimensional octagonal-diamond (OD) atomic lattices have been explored in recent times to study phenomena related to topological phase transitions induced by spin-orbit interaction and gauge fields [1], and magnetic phases and metal-insulator transitions with Hubbard interaction [2,3]. It can lead to the appearance of nontrivial nearly flat band states with particular topological properties [4]. Here we study the octagonal-diamond photonic lattice formed of linearly coupled waveguides, proposed by [4] as a possible experimental realization of an artificial flat-band system.

We investigated analytically and numerically the existence and stability of linear and nonlinear localized modes in a two-dimensional OD lattice. The primitive cell consists of four sites, linearly coupled with each other with the same coupling constant, including two diagonal couplings. The eigenvalue spectrum of the linear lattice consists of two flat bands and two dispersive bands [4]. The upper dispersive band intersects the upper flat band in the middle of the Brillouin zone, as well as the second flat band at the end of the Brillouin zone. In the linear case, there are two types of localized linear solutions, which are composed of eight sites each, having either monomer (+ - + - + - + -) or dimer (+ + - - + + - -) staggered phase structure [4]. In the presence of Kerr nonlinearity, both focusing and defocusing, compacton-like solutions [5] may exhibit instabilities due to intersections of the upper dispersive band and the flat bands. We also discuss the possibility of finding soliton solutions in the frequency gaps occurring between the flat bands and the isolated dispersive bands.

REFERENCES

[1] M. Kargarian, G. A. Fiete, Phys. Rev. B 82, 085106 (2010).

[2] Y. Yamashita et al., Phys. Rev. B 88, 195104 (2013).

[3] A. Bao et al., Sci. Rep. 4, 6918 (2014).

[4] B. Pal, Phys. Rev. B 98, 245116 (2018).

[5] R. A. Vicencio, M. Johansson, Phys. Rev. A 87, 061803(R) (2013).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Belgrade, Serbia: Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences , 2019. p. 93-93
Keywords [en]
Nonlinear optics
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160858ISBN: 978-86-7306-153-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-160858DiVA, id: diva2:1360049
Conference
The Seventh International School and Conference on Photonics, 26 August – 30 August 2019, Belgrade, Serbia
Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2019-10-10

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CiteExportLink to record
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