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Body Mass Index and Association With Caries in School-Aged Children With Orofacial Cleft: A Case-Control Study.
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
Clinic of Pediatric Dentistry, Public Dental Service, Borås, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Maxillofacial Unit.
Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Sweden; Department of Pediatrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, ISSN 1055-6656, E-ISSN 1545-1569, article id 1055665619868862Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Data on the association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries in children with orofacial clefts are sparse. Therefore, studies on the impact of BMI on caries frequency in children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) are of importance. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between BMI and frequency of dental caries in children with and without CL/P. Height, weight, and BMI in children with CL/P were also compared to controls.

DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional case-control design.

PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and thirty-nine 5- and 10-year-old children with CL/P and 299 age-matched controls.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Caries was recorded according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Height and weight were recorded, and BMI was calculated as weight/height2.

RESULTS: There was no correlation between BMI and caries frequency. Weight, height, and BMI were significantly lower in all children with CL/P compared to controls. After adjustment for international adoption, only BMI was significantly lower in CL/P children compared to controls. Non-adopted children with CL/P were significantly heavier and longer than adopted children with CL/P.

CONCLUSIONS: Five- and 10-year-old children with corrected CL/P seemed to have a lower BMI than controls, but there was no association between BMI and caries frequency. Internationally adopted children with CL/P were lighter and shorter than non-adopted CL/P children and controls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019. article id 1055665619868862
Keywords [en]
body mass index (BMI), dental caries, height, orofacial cleft, school-aged children, weight
National Category
Dentistry Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161506DOI: 10.1177/1055665619868862PubMedID: 31450975OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-161506DiVA, id: diva2:1367400
Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04 Last updated: 2019-11-04

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Marcusson, Agneta

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Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesMaxillofacial Unit
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