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Scandcleft randomized trials of primary surgery for unilateral cleft lip and palate: dental anomalies in 8-year olds
Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Royal Manchester Childrens Hospital, UK; Department of Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry, The University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
Stockholm Craniofacial Team, Section for Orthodontics, Division of Orthodontics and Pedodontics, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Oral Health Center of Expertise, Bergen, Norway.
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2019 (English)In: European Journal of Orthodontics, ISSN 0141-5387, E-ISSN 1460-2210Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) are reported to display several dental anomalies including agenesis, supernumeraries, as well as variations in dental size, shape, and path of eruption. The extensive sample of individuals with UCLP included in the Scandcleft randomized control trials offers the opportunity to study more rare conditions, which is seldom possible with limited samples.less thanbr /greater thanObjectives: The aim was to study dental anomalies at 8 years of age in children born with UCLP included in the Scandcleft randomized control trials.less thanbr /greater thanMethods: Panoramic and intraoral radiographs from 425 individuals (279 males and 146 females) with a mean age of 8.1 years were assessed by four orthodontists regarding dental anomalies.less thanbr /greater thanResults: Agenesis was found in 52.5 per cent and supernumerary teeth in 16.9 per cent of the participants. The cleft lateral was missing in 43.8 per cent and was found peg shaped in 44.7 per cent. The distribution of ectopic eruption was 14.6 per cent, mainly affecting maxillary first molars, while transposition was found in 3.4 per cent of the individuals. In addition, infraocclusion of one or several primary molars was registered in 7.2 per cent of the participants.less thanbr /greater thanConclusion: We conclude that 8-year-old children born with UCLP display multiple dental anomalies. The Scandcleft sample allowed rarely studied conditions such as infraocclusion of primary molars and transposition to be studied in children born with UCLP.less thanbr /greater thanTrial Registration: ISRCTN29932826.less thanbr /greater than (© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Orthodontic Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019.
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Dentistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161510DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjz070PubMedID: 31579919OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-161510DiVA, id: diva2:1367473
Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04 Last updated: 2019-11-04

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Marcusson, Agneta

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Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesMaxillofacial Unit
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